大学物理 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (6): 41-43.doi: 10.16854 /j.cnki.1000-0712.2017.06.011

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基于迈克耳孙干涉光程差放大法的微小位移测量

黄珍献,刘跃,贾光一   

  1. 天津商业大学理学院物理系,天津300134
  • 收稿日期:2016-11-02 修回日期:2017-01-03 出版日期:2017-06-20 发布日期:2017-06-20
  • 作者简介:黄珍献( 1982—) ,男,山东济南人,天津商业大学理学院实验师,硕士,主要从事光电检测技术和光信息处理的教学与研究工作.
  • 基金资助:
    天津市教育科学“十三五”规划课题( HE1008) 、国家大学生创新训练项目( 201410069045) 、天津商业大学青年基金( 20403 -15QNJJ06) 共同资助

The method of optical-path amplification for measuring the micro-displacement based on the Michelson interference

HUANG Zhen-xian,LIU Yue,JIA Guang-yi   

  1. Department of Physics,School of Science,Tianjin University of Commerce,Tianjin 300134,China
  • Received:2016-11-02 Revised:2017-01-03 Online:2017-06-20 Published:2017-06-20

摘要: 基于迈克耳孙干涉光路,介绍了一种新的测量微小位移的实验方法.通过在迈克耳孙干涉原光路中添加平行平面镜 组,使入射光和反射光在反射镜组中多次反射. 当平行平面镜之间的距离发生微小变化后,两反射光束之间光程差将会被放 大,通过观测干涉条纹的变化可以计算出微小的位移. 设计了实验光路,对该方法进行了实验验证. 与传统的迈克耳孙干涉实 验相比,该方法的测量精度有很大的提高.

关键词: 迈克耳孙干涉, 光程差放大, 微小位移, 平行平面镜组

Abstract: Based on the Michelson interferometer,this paper introduces a new experiment method to measure the micro-displacement. The incident and reflected light are multiply reflected by adding the parallel plane mirror group in the Michelson optical path. When the distance between the parallel plane mirrors presents a small change,the optical path difference of the two reflected light beams will be amplified such that the micro-displacement can be calculated according to the measured change of interference fringe. The design of experiment optical path as well as the corresponding experimental verification are achieved. The measurement accuracy is greatly improved by this proposed method comparing with the traditional Michelson experimental facility.

Key words: Michelson interference, optical - path amplification, micro - displacement, parallel plane mirror group