大学物理 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (1): 37-40.doi: 10.16854 /j.cnki.1000-0712.2017.01.012

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磁浮基本原理及实现形式综述

董金文1,2,张昆仑1,2,靖永志1,2   

  1. 1.磁浮技术与磁浮列车教育部重点实验室,四川成都610031; 2.西南交通大学电气工程学院,四川成都610031
  • 收稿日期:2016-04-15 修回日期:2016-06-02 出版日期:2017-01-20 发布日期:2017-01-20
  • 作者简介:董金文( 1979—) ,男,安微蚌埠人,西南交通大学电气学院讲师,硕士,主要从事磁浮列车及电磁悬浮控制教学及科研工作.
  • 基金资助:
    自然科学基金( 51577160) 、湖南省重大科技专项( 2015GK1001) 资助

Basic principles of magnetic levitation and overview on their implements

DONG Jin-wen1,2,ZHANG Kun-lun1,2, JING Yong-zhi1,2   

  1. 1. Key Laboratory of Magnetic Suspension Technology and Maglev Vehicle,Ministry of Education,Chengdu,Sichuan 610031,China;  2. School of Electrical Engineering,Southwest Jiaotong University,Chengdu,Sichuan 610031,China
  • Received:2016-04-15 Revised:2016-06-02 Online:2017-01-20 Published:2017-01-20
  • Supported by:
     

摘要: 论文首先介绍了磁浮的两个基本原理恩肖定理和布鲁贝克推论的基本内容和适用范围,指出磁浮系统稳定判定的基本原则; 然后根据实现介质和基本原理将现有磁浮系统实现形式分为八类,并具体阐述每类系统的实现介质、物理原理、特点等; 文章最后指出对于不同的实现形式在实际中有不同的应用价值和前景.

关键词: 磁浮, 原理, 实现

Abstract: Earnshow theorem and Braunbeck idea are two basic principles of magnetic levitation system. Their contents and scope of application are introduced.The prime stability judgment of magnetic levitation system from the basic principles is listed. According to this judgment,eight kinds of magnetic levitation systems are discussed which are classified by implement materials,physical principles and characteristic. Finally it is pointed out that each kind of magnetic levitation system has different value and prospect in application.

Key words: magnetic levitation, principles, implements

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