大学物理 ›› 2017, Vol. 36 ›› Issue (9): 49-56.doi: 10. 16854 /j. cnki. 1000-0712. 2017. 09. 013

• 编者按 • 上一篇    下一篇

七位早期女物理学家留学活动分析

尹晓冬,周金蕊   

  1. 1. 首都师范大学物理系,北京100048; 2. 北京市第五十中学,北京100061
  • 收稿日期:2015-11-21 修回日期:2016-09-15 出版日期:2017-09-20 发布日期:2017-09-20
  • 作者简介:尹晓冬(1974—),女,内蒙古呼伦贝尔市人,首都师范大学物理系教授,主要从事近现代物理学史和技术史研究工作.
  • 基金资助:
    北京市教育委员会科技计划一般项目(KM201610028003);2015 年北京市属高等学校青年拔尖人才培育计划”、中国科学院自然

Study and analysis on seven early female physicists studying abroad

YIN Xiao-dong1, ZHOU Jin-rui2   

  1. 1. Department of Physics,Capital Normal University,Beijing 100048,China;   2. Beijing No. 50 High School,Beijing 100061,China
  • Received:2015-11-21 Revised:2016-09-15 Online:2017-09-20 Published:2017-09-20
  • Supported by:
     

摘要: 统计了中国早期、新中国成立前留学国外的7 位女物理学博士,她们分别留学美国、德国与英国,留学期间及回国后她们在光谱学、金属物理、统计物理、核物理等领域取得突出的成果. 对她们留学情况与研究进行了系统的介绍与分析,提供借鉴与启示.

关键词: 女物理学家, 顾静徽, 何怡贞, 周如松, 何泽慧, 吴健雄, 王明贞, 王承书

Abstract: The paper accounts the seven women physicists who received PhD abroad in the early of the twentieth century before new China. They studied respectively in USA,Germany and UK,and made outstanding achievements in spectroscopy,metal physics,statistical physics and nuclear physics during abroad and after their return. Their researches abroad are introduced and analyzed systemically,which can provide some enlightenments to us.

Key words: female physicists, KU Zing-whai, HO I-djen, Chow Y S, HO Zah-wui, WU Chien-shiung, WANG Ming-zhen, WANG Cheng-shu